From nano-plastics to large sunken vessels, marine debris presents a threat to humans and ecosystems worldwide. Fishermen’s knowledge of the sources of, and risks posed by medium to large debris derived from fishing, aquaculture, and other marine industries provides important context for debris mitigation. Public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) can address these risks by integrating subjective and objective spatial data on human and environmental impacts and risks. We integrated fishermen’s perceptions and experiences with marine debris with spatial data using PPGIS. We developed a georeferenced database of fishermen’s experiences with marine debris, collected during focus groups and at various other meetings in Southwest New Brunswick. This layer was used to integrate baseline data with subjective perceptions of the ecological, economic, and navigational risks associated with marine debris in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. We also documented the physical, technical, political, and regulatory challenges to marine debris mitigation. These challenges highlight the social and environmental processes that complicate any projects that attempt to develop uncontested spatial representations of marine debris. Finally, we discuss the potential of PPGIS to address these challenges by fostering communication, coordinating various marine activities, helping stakeholders set priorities for clean-up, and implementing collaborative clean-up projects.
Allain J. Barnett, Melanie G. Wiber, Michael P. Rooney, Donna G. Curtis Maillet, Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 133, December 2016, Pages 85–94