Study and analyse of spatial distribution of waste in the southern Atlantic of Morocco

The ocean remains one of the most mysterious and diverse places on Earth. Unfortunately, nowadays our oceans are much polluted: discarded plastic, industrial waste and unwanted fishing nets. This is still a growing problem for the world’s oceans and constitute a threat to both people and oceanic life.

This paper aims to identify and localize the ocean waste pollutant in the Atlantic Ocean of Morocco. To achieve this goal, we participated in a scientific trawling survey made by the National Institute of Fisheries Research (INRH) in the southern Moroccan Atlantic area. Our sampling network consisting of 100 stations distributed in a random method. Several types of waste found in the sea are mainly made of glass, metal, fishing equipment and octopus pots that are used in artisanal fishing for octopus hunting, also a large amount of plastic was found such as bottles, plastic bags, etc.

To analyze the collected information, GIS tools and statistical analysis were used. The result shows that 80% of the southern Moroccan Atlantic ocean wastes are plastic followed by metal, textile, rubber and glass. The concentration of these wastes is usually correlated to a set of factors such as the proximity to the artisanal fishes sites, and to the current effect.

Safia Loulad, Rachida Houssa, Abdellatif Boumaaz, Hassane Rhinane, Omar Saddiqi, Proceedings, 6th International Conference on Cartography and GIS, 13-17 June 2016, Albena, Bulgaria ISSN: 1314-0604, Eds: Bandrova T., Konecny M.

The document

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