Preliminary results and impact of marine litter in Albanian Adriatic area

Anthropogenic litter on the sea surface, beaches and seafloor has significantly increased over recent decades. Initially described in the marine environment in the 1960s, marine litter is nowadays commonly observed across all oceans. Plastics typically constitute the most important part of marine litter sometimes accounting for up to 100% of floating litter. The Mediterranean Sea is the planet most highly-affected area in terms of marine litter. In recent years, marine litter has caused increasing harm due to ingestion, entanglement and the transport of toxic or living organisms. The main aim of this study was monitoring marine litter in Albanian coastal area for the first time. The mean of total marine litter was 0.7 kg in 241–244 m mean depth, where 0.2 kg were found plastic, as the dominant material of marine litter in Albanian coastal area. Total marine litter, plastic, others, wood and nets have strong linkage between each-other. Hauls 41, 4, 163, 8, 13, 6, 10, 166, 14, 17, 16, 165 have strong relationship together. This explains as the dominant presence of plastic in 12 hauls. Hauls 32, 38, 39, 33, 179 have strong relationship together. This explains that haulshave similar depth, bigger than 500 m.

J. Kolitari, L. Gjyli, P. Carbonara, Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 17, No 3, 922–931 (2016)

The article

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