This research aims to define for the first time levels and patterns of different litter groups (macro, meso and microplastics) in sediments from a marine area designed for the institution of a new marine protected area (Aeolian Archipelago, Italy). Microplastics resulted the principal group and found in all samples analyzed, with shape and colours variable between different sampling sites. MPs levels measured in this study are similar to values recorded in harbour sites and lower than reported in Adriatic Sea, while macroplastics levels are notably lower than in harbor sites. Sediment grain-size and island extent resulted not significant in determining levels and distribution of plastic debris among islands. In the future, following the establishment of the MPA in the study area, these basic data will be useful to check for potential protective effects on the levels and distribution of plastic debris.
Paolo Fastelli, Andrea Blašković, Giulia Bernardi, Teresa Romeo, Hrvoje Čižmek, Franco Andaloro, Giovanni F. Russo, Cristiana Guerranti, Monia Renzi, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 113, Issues 1–2, 15 December 2016, Pages 526–529