Economic instruments and marine litter control

This paper provides a comprehensive up-to-date review of the literature on the economic instruments that can reduce marine litter. We assess their cost of implementation, level of effectiveness as well as indirect environmental and socio-economic effects (externalities) that may arise as a result of their implementation. The evidence points to an overall beneficial impact of environmental taxes on items such as plastic bags in terms of reduced use, as well as a corresponding low cost of implementation. In the same vein, deposit-refund schemes can achieve high return rates for bottles although at a relatively high cost (especially when the scheme targets a wide range of packaging types). (…)

Oosterhuis, Frans, Papyrakis, Elissaios, Boteler, Benjamin, Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 102, Pages 47-54, Part:A, Dec. 2014

The article

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