The sea is inevitably the recipient of solid matter, intentionally disposed of or accidentally lost. The haphazard disposal of plastic material on land and from ships results in littering of beaches and seriously damages marine wildlife, mainly sea mammals, sea birds, reptiles etc. Many marine species are known to be harmed either through entanglement in and ingestion of plastic litter, which could jeopardize their survival, since many are endangered already by other forms of anthropogenic activities. A synthetic polymer, commonly known as plastics in the marine environment is a rapidly increasing long-term threat.
K. Madhavi, A. Devivaraprasad Reddy, T. Neeraja Reddy, Shivakumar Magada, G. Vidya Sagar Reddy, Continental Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7 (2), 2013